Strong Thesis Statements Purdue OWL® Purdue University

A normative claim makes the case for the importance of something, the action that should be taken, or the way the world should be. When you are asked to write a policy memo, a proposal, or an essay based on your own opinion, you will be making normative claims. Your dissertation itself should contain only essential information that directly contributes to answering your research question.

  • Doing so can lead to a greater understanding of the subject, as well as reduced bias, informed decision-making, and more creativity.
  • Additionally, your thesis statement shouldn’t be too big or too grand.
  • Your thesis statement should be specific—it should cover only what you will discuss in your paper and should be supported with specific evidence.
  • A reader who read Sandel’s argument would not also need to read an essay based on this descriptive thesis.
  • If your thesis is too narrow, you won’t be able to explore your topic in enough depth to say something interesting about it.

The goal of a thesis statement is to let your reader know what your paper or essay is about. It helps your reader understand the greater context and scope of your topic, plus it lets your readers know what to expect from the rest of the work.

What is a thesis?

It helps you to lay out and organize your ideas and can provide you with a roadmap for deciding what kind of research you’d like to undertake. Your methodology chapter shows your reader how you conducted your research. It should be written clearly and methodically, easily allowing your reader to critically assess the credibility of your argument. Furthermore, your methods section should convince your reader that your method was the best way to answer your research question. Your table of contents should include all the major parts of your thesis. If you used heading styles, it’s easy to generate an automatic table Microsoft Word.

  • These two sections work in tandem, but shouldn’t repeat each other.
  • You can think of thesis statements as the topic sentence of your entire paper.
  • After a brief introduction of your topic, you state your point of view on the topic directly and often in one sentence.
  • Regardless of the type of claim you choose to utilize it is key to identify the controversy or debate you are addressing and to define your position early on in the paper.

This sentence is the thesis statement, and it serves as a summary of the argument you’ll make in the rest of your paper. A thesis statement is a general overview that’s used not only for research papers but also for essay writing and other nonfiction works. A thesis statement is essentially a summary of the main idea in a paper that introduces the topic to the reader. However, the main difference is that, while the thesis statements for argumentative and expository essays state facts, the thesis statements for persuasive essays state clear opinions. Still, the format is the same, and the opinions are often treated like facts, including conclusive language and citing evidence to support your claims.

Frequently asked questions about the essay introduction

But the thesis statement should always clearly state the main idea you want to get across. Effective ChatGPT prompts include a few core components that provide the generative AI tool with the information it needs to produce your desired output. The critical review of the literature places your work in context. Usually, one third of the PhD thesis is about others’ work; two thirds, what you have done yourself.

Now it’s time to narrow your focus and show exactly what you want to say about the topic. This is your thesis statement—a sentence or two that sums up your overall argument.

Reference list

These are each presented in their own dedicated section or chapter. The dissertation conclusion should concisely answer the main research question, leaving the reader with a clear understanding of your central argument.

writing a good thesis

ChatGPT can generate outputs based on the area of expertise related to the role you assign it. You will develop confidence in writing them because you know your own work better than anyone else. Once you have overcome the initial inertia, move on to the other chapters.


This can actually be a clever strategy to start your essay off on a more personal, impactful note. Thesis statements are a necessary part of paper and essay writing, but different formats have different rules and best practices. Below, we break down how to write a thesis statement for the most common types of papers.

  • In this example the topic of drugs has been narrowed down to illegal drugs and the detriment has been narrowed down to gang violence.
  • This thesis narrows the scope of the argument by specifying not just what the focus of a national anti-pollution campaign should be but also why this is the appropriate focus.
  • If you used heading styles, it’s easy to generate an automatic table Microsoft Word.

It answers the question, takes a specific position that others can challenge, and it gives a sense of why it matters. Let’s see how to generate a thesis statement for a social policy paper. The answer to the question is the thesis statement for the essay. In general, your thesis statement will accomplish these goals if you think of the thesis as the answer to the question your paper explores.

The thesis statement or main claim must be debatable

As the first writing system designed for blind people’s needs, Braille was a groundbreaking new accessibility tool. It not only provided practical benefits, but also helped change the cultural status of blindness. This essay begins by discussing the situation of blind people in nineteenth-century Europe. It then describes the invention of Braille and the gradual process of its acceptance within blind education. Subsequently, writing a good thesis it explores the wide-ranging effects of this invention on blind people’s social and cultural lives. Expository research papers often present their main point directly in the thesis statement, sometimes phrasing it as a hook to keep the reader engaged and curious enough to keep reading. The argumentative style of research paper attempts to convince the reader of a certain point of view using evidence and factual data.

Chances are, your first attempt at a thesis statement won’t be perfect. To get it to its best, try revising, editing, and adding what’s missing. Qualifiers such as «typically,» «generally,» «usually,» or «on average» also help to limit the scope of your claim by allowing for the almost inevitable exception to the rule. This thesis narrows the scope of the argument by specifying not just the amount of money used but also how the money could actually help to control pollution. In this example there is also room for disagreement between rational individuals. Some citizens might think focusing on recycling programs rather than private automobiles is the most effective strategy. A thesis is typically written by students finishing up a bachelor’s or Master’s degree.

Example format of research paper thesis by type

If you try to get your research to fit your thesis statement, then it may not work out as neatly as you think. As you learn more, you discover more (and the outcome may not be what you originally thought). Understanding what goes into a good thesis statement is a necessary part of knowing how to write a research paper. By previewing what the paper is about, a thesis statement prepares the reader so they know what to expect. Because thesis statements play this role, they usually come at the beginning of a paper, typically in the introduction. In both hard and social sciences, theses typically include an introduction, literature review, methodology section, results section, discussion section, and conclusion section.

  • Is the author talking about illegal drug use, recreational drug use (which might include alcohol and cigarettes), or all uses of medication in general?
  • Sometimes it also includes your student number, your supervisor’s name, and the university’s logo.
  • In your essay about the internet and education, the thesis states your position and sketches out the key arguments you’ll use to support it.
  • This way, your readers can easily look up any meanings they aren’t familiar with.
  • This thesis narrows the scope of the argument by specifying not just the amount of money used but also how the money could actually help to control pollution.

Documents you have used that do not fit into the main body of your dissertation (such as interview transcripts, survey questions or tables with full figures) can be added as appendices. If you’re unsure, consult with your supervisor and look at sample dissertations to find out the best structure for your research.

Phrase your topic as a question and then answer it

It’s not always easy to fit your entire thesis into just one sentence, let alone one that’s written clearly and eloquently. Humanities theses are often structured more like a longer-form essay. Just like in an essay, you build an argument to support a central thesis. You may have heard the word thesis as a standalone term or as a component of academic writing called a thesis statement. Normative claims are claims of value or evaluation rather than fact—claims about how things should be rather than how they are.

writing a good thesis

A  good thesis isn’t just a statement of fact, but a claim that requires evidence and explanation. Instead of just stating a fact that the reader already knows, the improved hook here tells us about the mainstream interpretation of the book, implying that this essay will offer a different interpretation. Avoid long, dense sentences—start with something clear, concise and catchy that will spark your reader’s curiosity. Your reader won’t be able to tell the point of the statement, and will probably stop reading. More attention should be paid to the food and beverage choices available to elementary school children.

No one could reasonably argue that pollution is unambiguously good. These OWL resources will help you develop and refine the arguments in your writing. Consider using a professional thesis editing service or grammar checker to make sure your final project is perfect. Your results section should highlight what your methodology discovered. These two sections work in tandem, but shouldn’t repeat each other. While your results section can include hypotheses or themes, don’t include any speculation or new arguments here.

writing a good thesis

In this section you can answer descriptive research questions about the relationship between concepts or variables. If you have used a lot of abbreviations in your dissertation, you can include them in an alphabetised list of abbreviations so that the reader can easily look up their meanings. The thesis statement should be placed at the end of your essay introduction. As you gain proficiency in composing thorough and explicit prompts like the example above, start using more advanced prompting strategies to get even more out of ChatGPT. In addition, this will contribute to the advancement and improvement of the generative AI tool. Including rules and constraints, alongside the output specifications, can further aid ChatGPT in producing your desired output.

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